The Basics - Cannabis Concentrates Explained


Cannabis concentrates, a burgeoning sector within the cannabis industry, are products crafted by processing cannabis plants to extract desirable compounds like cannabinoids and terpenes. Available in various forms such as wax, shatter, and oil, concentrates offer a potent and flavorful experience beyond traditional flower consumption.

Understanding Cannabis Concentrates

Concentrates are created by extracting the essential compounds from the cannabis plant, leaving behind the green plant matter and concentrating the potent and beneficial compounds. These can be mixed with flower and smoked traditionally or vaporized using specialized equipment known as 'dab rigs' or portable vaporizers.

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Smoking Concentrates

Concentrates offer versatile consumption methods, including smoking, vaporization, and ingestion. The prevalent method, dabbing, employs a specialized water pipe or oil rig, replacing a standard bowl with a quartz banger or titanium nail.

The nail or banger, heated between 315 - 900 ℉, instantly vaporizes the concentrate upon contact, producing a thick, flavorful smoke.

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Concentrates also fill disposable vape cartridges, a convenient and popular choice for many consumers, offering enhanced potency and flavor compared to traditional flower.

Types of Concentrates

BHO (Butane Hash Oil)

BHO, a popular concentrate, includes forms like wax, shatter, budder, or crumble, extracted using butane as a solvent. The extraction process leaves behind essential oils and cannabinoids, indicative of high quality by a light gold or amber color.


A common BHO form, shatter boasts a brittle, glass-like consistency, achieved through a unique purging and heating process.


Budder, similar to shatter, undergoes whipping and heating post-extraction for a smooth, potent consistency.


Wax, akin to shatter, differs mainly in appearance, maintaining high potency levels.

Live Resin

Live Resin, made from flash-frozen flowers post-harvest, preserves the terpenes and cannabinoids, offering a rich, flavorful experience.

CO2 Oil

CO2 Oil, extracted using CO2 gas, commonly fills vape cartridges or syringes. Despite its efficient extraction, it often lacks terpenes, which are added back for flavor enhancement.


Rosin, a solventless extract, is created by pressing raw flowers on a heated plate, producing a pure, additive-free concentrate.

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In essence, cannabis concentrates, with their diverse forms and extraction methods, offer a potent and enriched experience for consumers. Understanding the various types and their unique characteristics can aid in making informed choices for optimal benefits and enjoyment.

Updated: 10/10/2023


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